Chloroacetic acid 100% (100% MCAA technical, flakes) is a product, in which the DCAA content does not exceed 1500 ppm.
Chloroacetic acid 100% is highly reactive and is used as a raw material for many important organic compounds. It has a pungent odour, is readily soluble in water, ethanol, methanol, acetone, benzene, chloroform, dimethylsulfoxide, and dimethylformamide. It is poorly soluble in hydrocarbons and their halogenated derivatives.
Monochloroacetic acid is produced in a continuous way. The first stage is the chlorination of acetic acid. The second stage of the process is hydrogenation in which most of the dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) is removed. The third stage in which MCAA takes the form of a flakes is the solidification.
Monochloroacetic acid is one of the most important intermediates in the chemical industry and is widely used in a large number of organic synthesis processes. This is due to its high reactivity. Both chlorine in the α and carboxy groups exhibit reactivity in a number of organic reactions, easily forming esters and amides and undergoing many possible bases of the chlorine atom.
Due to its properties, mainly C-Cl bonding activity, monochloroacetic acid is used in many industries, among which are the production of agrochemicals, plant protection agents, fertilizers, plastics, detergents, paints and varnishes, cosmetics and personal hygiene, pulp and paper, pharmaceutical, food, and mining industries. The highest consumption of MCAA is the production of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC).
In the pharmaceuticals industry MCAA is used for the production of ibuprofen, diclofenac sodium, caffeine, vitamins (e.g., vitamin B6), glycine, and malonates. Monochloroacetic acid, or monochloroacetic acid derivative, is a forerunner of adrenaline (epinephrine).
Monochloroacetic acid is an intermediate compound for the production of plant protection products such as 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), thiophosphoric acid esters (e.g., dimethoate), chloroacetyl chloride (CAC), trichloroacetyl chloride (TCAC) , 4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), 2-methyl-4-phenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), and phosphonates (e.g., glyphosate). It is used in the chemical industry as an intermediate in the synthesis of indigo dyes and in the processing of poly (vinyl chloride) as a stabiliser. Monochloroacetic acid is used in the cosmetics industry for the production of surfactants (betaine), which are made up of hair shampoos and thioglycolic acid (hair styling preparations). In addition, MCAA is used to produce a wide range of other useful chemicals, such as coumarin, malonic acid, mercaptoacetic acid, aminoacetic acid, cyanoacetic acid, and chloroacetamide.
Markets and applications
Agrochemicals / Crop protection & fertilizers
Mining & Drilling
Paints & Coatings
Plastics / Polymer additives
Pulp & Paper
Raw materials and intermediates
Raw materials & intermediates