Plasticisers are substances used as additives in plastics that reduce intermolecular effects. Their action makes the finished product more flexible.
They improve the plasticity of the material by increasing the mobility of the polymer chains. The freedom of movement increases the flexibility of the material to which plasticisers have been added. As a result, the use of such additives facilitates the processing of plastics. They are most often used in the processing of polyvinyl chloride.
Before the plasticiser is added to the plastic, attention must be paid to a number of factors that are crucial in developing an efficient and compatible compound for the final application. Listed are such parameters as:
The target application of the plastic material and the conditions under which it will be used are also important. For this reason, different types of additives are used, such as:
phthalate plasticisers are used for applications where high flexibility is required in the absence of fire resistance,
adipine plasticisers are used to produce objects exposed to low temperatures,
in car interiors and other places where resistance to high temperatures is required, trimellitate plasticisers are used.
phosphate plasticisers are irreplaceable in applications where flexibility is required along with high fire resistance (our solution must be promoted)
Plasticisers are used for the production of such elements as: tubes, hoses, wall and floor linings, gaskets, as well as cables and rubber strips.
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