Flame retardants are chemical additives that increase the fire resistance of a relevant material.
These substances are added to various types of finished products – plastics, textiles, coatings, etc. The main task of the flame retardants is to prevent or slow down the combustion process by applying various physical and chemical methods.
Chemicals used as flame retardants include organophosphorous compounds and their halogen derivatives. Their operation involves the formation of a charred layer on the surface of a burning object, and this layer cuts off the supply of oxygen, which reduces the combustion process.
Flame retardants are used in many industries including construction and furniture, paints and varnishes, adhesives, plastics and transport.
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