MCAA 70% Solution Tech. is a product characterised by DCAA levels not exceeding 1500 ppm.
Monochloroacetic acid (MCAA) is highly reactive and is used as a raw material for many important organic compounds. It has a pungent odour, is readily soluble in water, ethanol, methanol, acetone, benzene, chloroform, DMSO and DMF. It is poorly soluble in hydrocarbons and their halogenated derivatives.
Monochloroacetic acid is produced in a continuous way. The first stage is the chlorination of acetic acid. The second stage of the process is hydrogenation in which most of the dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) is removed.
MCAA is one of the most important intermediates in the chemical industry and is widely used in a large number of organic synthesis processes. This is due to its high reactivity. Both chlorine in the α position and carboxyl group exhibit reactivity in a number of organic reactions, easily forming esters and amides and undergoing many possible substitutions of the chlorine atom.
Due to its properties, mainly C-Cl bond activity, monochloroacetic acid is used in many industries, among which are the production of agrochemicals, plant protection agents, fertilizers, plastics, detergents, paints and coatings, cosmetics and personal hygiene, pulp and paper, pharmaceuticals, food and mining industries. The highest consumption of MCAA is the production of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC).
Monochloroacetic acid is used in the cosmetic industry to produce surfactants (betaine), which include hair shampoos and thioglycolic acid (hair styling preparations).
In the pharmaceutical industry it is used for the production of ibuprofen, diclofenac sodium, caffeine, vitamins (e.g., vitamin B6), glycine, and malonates. Monochloroacetic acid chloride, which is a monochloroacetic acid derivative, is a precursor of adrenaline (epinephrine).
It is an intermediate for the production of plant protection products such as 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), thiophosphoric acid esters (e.g., dimethoate), chloroacetyl chloride (CAC), trichloroacetyl chloride (TCAC), 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T), 2-methyl-4-phenoxyacetic acid (MCPA), and phosphonates (e.g., glyphosate).
In addition, MCAA is used to produce a wide range of other useful chemicals, such as coumarin, malonic acid, mercaptoacetic acid, aminoacetic acid, cyanoacetic acid, and chloroacetamide. It constitutes an intermediate in the synthesis of indigo dyes and a stabiliser in polyvinyl chloride processing.
Markets and applications
Agrochemicals / Crop protection & fertilizers
Mining & Drilling / Oil&gas extraction
Paints & Coatings
Pharmaceuticals / Functional additives, solvents
Plastics / Polymer additives
Pulp & Paper
Raw materials and intermediates
Raw materials & intermediates